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Why Do My Gums Hurt When I Brush My Teeth?

Did you know healthy gums are just as important as healthy teeth for a bright smile? But what happens when brushing your teeth becomes uncomfortable? Gum pain, even while brushing, is a surprisingly common issue. This pain can be caused by various factors, including gum disease, injuries, and infections.

Recognising the Signs:

Watch out for these signs of gum pain:

  • Dull Ache: A constant throbbing or tenderness in the gums.
  • Sharp Pain: Sudden, intense pain that may occur while brushing or eating.
  • Sensitivity: Gums feel sensitive to hot, cold, or acidic foods and drinks.
  • Bleeding: Gums bleed easily during brushing or flossing.
  • Swelling: Gums appear red, puffy, or inflamed.

Early diagnosis and treatment by a dentist are crucial to prevent gum pain from getting worse. Left untreated, it can lead to serious complications. Remember, healthy gums are the foundation for a healthy smile! If you experience any gum pain or discomfort, don’t wait—schedule an appointment with your dentist today!

gum pain brushing

Causes of Gum Pain While Brushing Teeth

 

Gum pain while brushing your teeth can be caused by several factors, including:

  1. Aggressive brushing technique: One of the most common causes of gum pain while brushing is aggressive brushing. Brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can cause the gums to become irritated, leading to pain and sensitivity.
  2. Gum disease: Gum disease, also known as periodontitis or gingivitis, is a bacterial infection that affects the gum tissue and bone that supports the teeth. In addition to gum pain while brushing, symptoms of gum disease can include bleeding gums, bad breath, and tooth loss.
  3. Tooth sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity can cause discomfort and pain when brushing. This can be caused by enamel erosion, gum recession, or tooth decay. When the underlying dentin layer of the tooth is exposed, it can cause sensitivity to hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks, as well as to brushing and flossing.
  4. Other possible causes: Other possible causes of gum pain when brushing include hormonal changes, certain medications, vitamin deficiencies, oral infections, and mouth ulcers.

Oral health is essential for overall health and well-being. Poor oral hygiene can lead to a range of dental and medical problems, including gum disease, tooth decay, and even heart disease. Addressing gum pain when brushing is crucial for maintaining good oral health and preventing more serious problems in the future. It is crucial to identify the cause of gum pain and take steps to address it, whether it be through changes in your brushing technique or seeking professional help from a dentist. By maintaining good oral health, you can ensure that your teeth and gums remain healthy and pain-free.

Gum Irritation: Practices for Healthy Gums and Reduced Pain

If you’re experiencing gum pain when brushing your teeth, there are several solutions you can try to alleviate the discomfort:

  1. Proper Brushing Technique: Aggressive brushing can cause gum pain, so it’s important to use a gentle, circular motion when brushing your teeth. Brushing too hard or with a back-and-forth motion can cause gum irritation and pain.
  2. Use a Softer Toothbrush: Using a toothbrush with hard bristles can damage your gums and cause pain. Switch to a soft-bristled toothbrush to avoid further irritation and pain.
  3. Use a Desensitising Toothpaste: If your gums are sensitive, consider using a toothpaste designed to reduce tooth sensitivity. These toothpastes contain ingredients that help block pain signals from reaching the nerves in your teeth and gums.
  4. Use an Antiseptic Mouthwash: An antiseptic mouthwash can help reduce gum inflammation and fight bacterial infections in your mouth. Be sure to choose an alcohol-free mouthwash, as alcohol can cause further irritation and pain.
  5. Other Remedies: Other home remedies may help ease gum pain, such as rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater or applying a cold compress to the affected area.

If your gum pain persists, it’s important to seek professional help from a qualified dental professional. They can assess your oral health and provide appropriate treatment to alleviate your symptoms and prevent further damage.

Expert Help for Gum Pain: When to Seek Professional Treatment Beyond Home Remedies

While there are several home remedies and lifestyle changes, you can make to alleviate gum pain when brushing. However, there are some instances where it is important to seek professional help from a dentist. Here are some signs that indicate a serious gum problem:

  1. Persistent pain: If you experience persistent pain or sensitivity in your gums, even after trying home remedies and making changes to your brushing technique, it may be a sign of a more serious issue.
  2. Bleeding gums: If your gums bleed regularly, even when you are not brushing your teeth, it could be a sign of gum disease or other oral health issues.
  3. Swollen or receding gums: Swollen or receding gums are also signs of gum disease. If left untreated, this can lead to tooth loss.
  4. Bad breath: Chronic bad breath is often a sign of gum disease or other oral health issues.

Regular dental check-ups are essential for maintaining good oral health and catching potential issues early on. Even if you don’t experience gum pain or other oral health issues, it is important to see a dentist for regular cleanings and check-ups at least twice a year. During these visits, your dentist can assess your oral health, identify potential issues, and provide preventative care to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Bradbury Dental Surgery or your local dentist in Campbelltown can help with gum pain while brushing by providing a comprehensive dental check-up and assessment of your oral health. Our team at Bradbury Dental Surgery can identify any underlying causes of gum pain and recommend appropriate treatment options. Moreover, our experienced dental professionals can offer guidance on proper brushing and flossing techniques, as well as recommend products such as a softer toothbrush or a desensitising toothpaste to alleviate gum pain. Our Campbelltown Dental team will provide a personalised treatment plan to address your specific needs and ensure that you maintain good oral health.


Remember, maintaining good oral health is essential for your overall well-being. By caring for your teeth and gums, you can prevent gum pain and other oral health issues and promote a healthy smile.