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Send an email to us bradburydentalsurgery@outlook.com
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Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection affecting the gums, ligaments, and bones supporting teeth. It is a common condition that can lead to severe damage to the oral tissues and, eventually, tooth loss.

The development of gum disease is caused by the build-up of bacteria and plaque on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky film on the teeth and contains bacteria that can irritate the gums, causing inflammation and damage. If left untreated, this inflammation can progress and cause the gums to separate from the teeth, forming pockets that can develop an infection. As this infection spreads, it can damage the ligaments and bones that support the teeth, causing them to become loose and eventually fall out.

The impact of gum disease on oral health can be significant. It has also been linked to other health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. For more info, please check the Oral and Systemic Health Connection. In addition to tooth loss, gum disease can cause bad breath and gum recession and even affect the smile’s appearance.

Fortunately, gum disease can be prevented by adopting good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups. Seeking professional dental care is essential if you suspect you may have gum disease to prevent further damage and improve your oral health.

Understanding Gum Disease | A Progressive Threat to Oral Health

Gum disease, a common oral health concern, unfolds in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. These stages demand attention to symptoms and preventive measures for optimal oral health.

Gingivitis | The Early Warning

Gingivitis marks the initial stage of gum disease, arising from plaque build-up on teeth and gums. Key symptoms include:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Tooth Sensitivity

With diligent oral hygiene practices and regular dental cleanings, gingivitis is often reversible, underscoring the importance of early intervention.

Periodontitis | The Advanced Challenge

If left untreated, gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, presenting in stages:

  • Early Periodontitis: Gums start to separate from teeth, forming pockets susceptible to infection.
  • Moderate Periodontitis: Damage extends to supporting ligaments and bones, leading to loose teeth and potential tooth loss.
  • Advanced Periodontitis: Significant damage to teeth and bone, resulting in tooth loss and potential complications.

Symptoms of Periodontitis:

  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets between teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Pus between teeth and gums

Ongoing inflammation can strain the immune system, contributing to additional health issues. Treatment may involve professional cleaning, antibiotics, and, in severe cases, surgery.

Exploring Gum Disease | Causes, Progression, Warning Signs, and Risk Factors

The primary culprit behind gum disease is plaque, a sticky film teeming with bacteria. Plaque forms on teeth when oral bacteria mingle with starches and sugars from food.

Disease Progression

The journey toward periodontitis typically commences with plaque build-up. Without intervention, this can escalate over time. Despite daily brushing and flossing, plaque’s persistent reappearance is fueled by continuous bacterial production, saliva, and frequent eating and drinking.

Plague can solidify beneath the gumline if allowed to linger on teeth, transforming into tartar—a stubborn substance challenging to eliminate. Tartar, laden with bacteria, poses a threat to teeth and gums. Unlike brushing and flossing, professional dental cleaning is required to remove tartar effectively.

Risk Factors

Several factors amplify the likelihood of developing gum disease:

  • Age: Gum disease tends to be more prevalent in older adults.
  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Irregular brushing and flossing heighten the risk of gum disease.
  • Tobacco Use:  Smoking and using tobacco products significantly increase the risk.
  • Genetics: Genetic predisposition can make some individuals more susceptible.
  • Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of gum disease.
  • Medications: Certain medications impact oral health, increasing the likelihood of gum disease.
  • Stress: Chronic stress weakens the immune system, making the body less adept at fighting infections like gum disease.

Warning Signs

Watch for these warning signs:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Tooth Sensitivity

Understanding the causes, progression, warning signs, and risk factors empowers individuals to adopt proactive measures for optimal oral health. Regular dental check-ups play a pivotal role in early detection and prevention.

Unchecked Gum Disease | Potential Complications for Your Oral and Systemic Health

When gum disease goes untreated, it can lead to various complications, encompassing both oral and systemic health issues:

  • Tooth Loss: Advanced gum disease can compromise the ligaments and bones supporting the teeth, resulting in looseness or eventual tooth loss.
  • Gum Abscesses:  Pockets of pus may develop between the teeth and gums, causing pain and swelling.
  • Receding Gums: Progressive gum disease may lead to receding gums, exposing tooth roots and heightening vulnerability to decay and sensitivity.
  • Systemic Health Problems: Emerging evidence suggests a link between gum disease and systemic conditions like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Strategies for Lifelong Gum Health

Preventing gum disease is paramount for sustaining optimal oral health and preventing complications. Adopt these practices:

  • Brushing Twice Daily: Regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste removes plaque and bacteria from teeth and gums.
  • Daily Flossing: Flossing daily eliminates food particles and plaque from areas unreachable by a toothbrush.
  • Quitting Smoking: Smoking and tobacco use significantly escalate the risk of gum disease and other oral health issues.
  • Balanced Diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contributes to good oral health and guards against gum disease.
  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Routine dental visits for check-ups and cleanings play a crucial role in the early detection and treatment of gum disease.

Seeking Timely Intervention

If you notice symptoms like bleeding gums or persistent bad breath, it’s imperative to consult a dentist promptly. Early evaluation and treatment are key to mitigating gum disease’s impact and preserving oral and overall health.


Comprehensive Gum Disease Treatment in Campbelltown | Bradbury Dental Surgery

Gum disease demands a tailored approach to treatment, considering factors like disease stage, prior responses to treatment, and overall patient health. At Bradbury Dental Surgery, your trusted Campbelltown dentist, we offer various treatment options, from non-surgical interventions controlling bacterial growth to surgical procedures restoring supportive tissues. Depending on disease severity, common treatments include:

  • Professional Cleanings: Routine cleanings effectively remove plaque and tartar build-up, crucial contributors to gum disease.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: This deep cleaning procedure eliminates plaque and tartar from teeth and root surfaces while also smoothing roots to hinder further build-up.
  • Gum Surgery: Advanced gum disease may necessitate surgical intervention. Procedures like pocket reduction surgery, gum grafts, or bone grafts are employed as needed.

At Bradbury Dental Surgery, your Campbelltown dental professionals, our proficient dental team employs cutting-edge techniques like EMS Airflow and Guided Biofilm Therapy. We offer diverse treatment options, catering to patients across the spectrum of gum disease stages—from early gingivitis to moderate periodontitis. Our treatments include professional cleanings, scaling, and root planning to uphold optimal oral health.

Recognizing the complexity of advanced periodontitis, we prioritize specialized care. For cases requiring advanced expertise, we seamlessly refer our patients to a periodontist—a specialist dedicated to diagnosing and treating periodontal disease. This ensures our patients receive the most effective and specialized care for their unique condition.

Your trusted Campbelltown dentist, Bradbury Dental Surgery, is now extending services to Appin Dental Surgery.

Gum Disease Treatment in Campbelltown

Contact us now to schedule an appointment and embark on the journey to preserve your smile and well-being. Let’s work together to ensure your oral health is in top form. Your radiant smile awaits!

Reach us at (02) 46282151 or book online today.